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Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues Volume 20, Issue 4, 2017
1 1544-0044-20-1-147
Laura Dzhunisbekova, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
Sholpan Tlepina, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
Alen Sabyrov, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
Madina Yessirkepova, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
Yuliya Kostyanaya, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
Considering the manmade disasters and life conditions in different regions of the world, the issue of migration is becoming more and more a problematic issue during the last decade. Immigration directly affects the socio-economic environment of the country migration can be both a cause of poverty and its consequences. It is impossible to make a general statement, as influence of migration on poverty and vice versa depends on economic development level of country or region referred to above. The article deals with labour migration problems within the territory of member-countries of the Eurasian Economic Union. A number of the legal arrangements were made in order to make illegal migration legal at the domestic and regional level.
Keywords: Migration, Economic Development, Law Harmonization, Uniform Customs
The previous experiences and the various theoretical and experimental model studies have demonstrated direct relationship between the economic status and quality of life (Khorasani, 2014; Khorasani & Almasifard, 2017) and the global economic crisis has an adverse effect on the state of life of the citizens of the affected countries. The salary level of some workers reduced as the result of financial problems and also mass excuse of employment positions led to closure of enterprises. People are forced to move both within their own country and to leave it in search of a better life (Firsov, 2012). Khnykin (2010) stresses that "today it is generally believed that without labour migration, sustainable economic growth of developed countries is impossible" (Khnykin, 2010).
The word migration came from the Latin migratitio (from migro), which in translation means "turn" or "move." According to the Explanatory dictionary of the Russian language, Ozhegov's "migration" is "moving, relocating" (Ozhegov, 2010). The philosophical dictionary defines the migration of the population as the movement of people from one country to another with the intention of settling. International law operates with the following interpretations: "Migrant", "working migrant", "migrant worker", which is not entirely familiar to Kazakhstan legislation. But the term "migration" is more preferable.
Migration, being a kind of social movement, is the movement of people across the borders of certain territorial entities with a permanent or temporary change of residence for