Concept of the World Anti-Crisis Plan for UN Member States

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Uzan Marc , 03.04.2014 16:22 Rating: 2
Since our previous update last September, the global economy and financial markets have continued to present mixed results. In the shorter-term, the economic outlook for the main Advanced Market Economies (AMEs) has improved somewhat, led by stronger growth in the US in the second half of 2013, a nascent recovery in the Eurozone and further strengthening in the UK, along with the initially positive if still tentative effects of “Abenomics” in Japan. Meanwhile, the short-term outlook for the more heterogeneous Emerging Markets and Developing Economies (EMDEs) is fairly mixed, not least in Middle Income Countries (MICs) such as the BRICS. Whereas IMF GDP growth projections were revised slightly upwards for China and India, the revised forecasts for Russia and Brazil show increased pessimism, and to a lesser extent in South Africa. This was attributed to “varying degrees, tighter financial conditions and policy stances since mid-2013, as well as policy or political uncertainty and bottlenecks, with the latter weighing on investment in particular”. It is important to note that despite these challenges, the IMF estimates that in 2013 EMDEs surpassed AMEs for the first time as a share of total global output with 50.41%, adjusted for purchasing power parity (IMF WEO, October 2013 database). The medium-term outlook in AMEs still remains one of a gradual and moderate recovery, as underlined by the IMF’s downward revision (albeit slight) to 2015 GDP growth projections in January, as well as Mr. Larry Summers’ recent articles in the press highlighting the risk of “secular stagnation”, following his speech at the IMF last year. The potential threat of long-term damage to aggregate demand may indeed extend beyond the US, as indicated by Mr. Summers. The sub-par economic recovery despite substantial balance sheet repair since 2009; still-high unemployment, with lower productivity and declining labor force participation rates; a zero lower bound (ZLB) environment preventing substantial reductions in real interest rates, in the context of potentially lower real equilibrium interest rates required to achieve full employment; the risk posed by falling wage and price inflation in delaying consumption, and income and wealth distribution from “higher spending debtors to lower spending creditors” (“On secular stagnation”, Lawrence Summers, December 16 2013); to varying degrees, all of these conditions apply to many AMEs. Read more http://www.group-global.org/ru/page/view/520
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Radojicic Biljana biljanar@vet.bg.ac.rs, 03.10.2014 22:32 Rating: 1
FOOD SAFETY-global significance It is known very well that today, there is no further survival of people on the our Planet if we do not provide the correct air, water and food. Also on the energy sources (which are very different, but with an emphasis on safety at Economy and Ecology benefits ) is tackled by teams of experts from multidisciplinary interest. Many dangers from all sides and that is due in part man invested huge funds and new Technological achievements were partly under control. Some of these problems is not possible to note the time and therefore it can not be the proper time of struggle. In this regard, of great importance, especially some of the common diseases of humans and animals (zoonoses) which has registered more than 300 of which should be pointed out fight some old - new such as brucellosis, tuberculosis, listeroisis, anthrax, rabies and new disease of group of Transmisible Spongiform Encephalopaties (TSE), and some parasitic as echinococcosis and opistarhosis that are significant at the local, national or global level, especially when it comes to international trade? Today, with the help it possible to quickly and timely to connect to people with similar preferences and reasoned connect to the new challenges, new technological and biotechnological methods, priest, tests and ext. to jointly - managed teamwork effect put these very different diseases under control. Also, the exchange of various information and knowledge and experience in this way is in the welfare of all people regardless of any possible and evident difference. For example, in agriculture and veterinary medicine, there is a great need for good cooperation between all the animals that serve as production mainly use plant - crop products, and therefore promote the concept farm to-stable-to table (earth, water, plants, animals and finally people connected chain, both endangered wherever they are if there is no good monitoring and control measures undertaken agreed illness or disease control. These are universal principles and concepts and of one profession can not be much need of turning to each other, such as biologists, agronomists, technicians, doctors of veterinarians medicine, doctors of human medicine, and economists also, closely related to the confirmation of another new concept that has recently been proposed by one of the American School of Graduate Doctoral Studies from California as well as the need for the promotion of One Public Health, and as an example of real networking and participation of both the Private and Public sector in achieving the same. Bearing in mind that so far undertaken many measures of monitoring and control, it is rapidly developing new and new problems, and therefore the need to introduce new measures diagnostics as current, accurate and verified. All these activities should have a strong financial backing, because later it is repeatedly returned as health and the nation 's most expensive. A model for such a good collaboration is just close to bordering countries as well as the wider geographical region or globally important for the whole world. All this is even better if the scientific team, strands and application sciences, finding a team of experts and scientists who already have some experience and working with young people on their further education and training as well as my personal experience as a Research Fellow (Professor University of Belgrade, Serbia ) with a young PhD student from Uralsk, Kazakhstan, in the field investigation of control and prevention of brucellosis in the man and animals. It is necessary and it's best when on an important mission found youth and experience, then the concept of "know-how " can be innovative and useful in the real sense of the word. Therefore I suggest to One Public Health admitted in the session Public and private publicships, Food Safety or in session work with Young scientists, to what would you be grateful? Kind regards, Biljana Radojicic
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jacques Ousmène Mandeng, 03.11.2014 11:15 Rating: 2
General: The declaration offers a comprehensive coverage of currently relevant topics. However, I think Kazakhstan needs to make the case of why it wants to appropriate and engage on these topics many of which are of course treated in and represented by other fora and what it brings to the table to credibly assume a certain leadership role. I think the declaration fails to deliver on those points and may therefore greatly reduce its impact. Objective: I think a good objective could be to highlight the position of smaller emerging markets (not member of the G20 and not in any other common grouping but not very small countries like say Moldova or Barbados). Those countries indeed often face a position of innocent bystanders and lack a voice. They are individually too small to matter and yet together represent an important group. Kazakhstan could credibly offer its leadership to alert about issues particularly relevant for this group of countries or help highlighting their strengths, vulnerabilities and specificities. Topics: I think the declararion should focus on a reduced list of topics and offer more specific guidance, e.g. on global governance emphasize the fact that countries like Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Colombia, Peru, Thailand, Philippines, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland etc are outside key policy fora undermining the legitimacy of those. Those countries may have more of an interest to strengthen the IMF than say a Russia or Brazil. In the same token a case could be made to establish a separate forum as part of a broader vision about a new division of labour in the international financial architecture. Another topic is the need for additional financial safety nets given that the smaller countries may suffer disproportionately both from shocks from advanced economies and the larger emerging markets. The key is identifying an angle that offers somewhat greater originality and relevance specific to your target audience. Contribution: I think a lot of useful work can be done as to why smaller emerging markets are different and therefore suceptible to different types of shocks but also offer different kind of strengths. Kazakhstan could also lead by example on at least issues of the sort of the advantages and disadvantages of being in the immediate vecinity of a large country, regional monetary cooperation (the rouble is in the reference basket), the impact of commodities and commodity price volatility and role of a SWF as a long term public sector buffer and/or savings vehicle. The declaration could usefully draw attention to those issues and similar issues and help project confidence that smaller countries have a voice too. I hope you find the above useful and see it as a constructive comment for your endeavours.
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Kant Promode , 03.15.2014 19:56 Rating: 2
Very well developed recommendations which should prove useful in addressing the many crisis the world often faces. I have done some editing for II.VII. GREEN GROWTH: PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVES and I suggest paras 75 to 77 may read as below 75. UNEP defines green economic growth as one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. And the transition to it is not exorbitantly costly as is generally feared. Annual investments of just about 2% of global GDP accompanied by a wide range of policy reforms and technological assistance can bring about the greening of economy in important sectors like agriculture, buildings, energy, fisheries, forests, manufacturing, tourism, transport, water and waste management. 76. The main pillars of green economic growth should be greatly enhancing the use of solar energy through biological, thermal and photocell processes, tapping natural energy flows on land and ocean surfaces, optimal and sustainable utilization of land and ocean resources, agricultural technologies that enhance productivity with reduced water and chemical inputs, industrial production processes that reduce wastage of resources and enhance recycling, sustainable energy efficient housing and settlements, rapid mass transportation, socially and environmentally healthy tourism, and hygiene and pollution reduction measures linked to the recovery of resources. Also, since forests occupy almost one third of the global land surface, they must contribute vigorously to the economy alongside their crucial role in ecological stability. The green growth should be rooted in rapid technological advances which call for high emphasis on public and private investment in research and development. It requires effective intellectual property rights protection along with a set of measures for enabling privileged access to green technologies for the less developed countries. 77. To make the green economy sustainable, we believe the following measures are required: a) Ensuring annual investment of 2% of Global GDP in green investments across the world in core sectors of economy including agriculture, energy production, industry, education and transportation and creation of a Green Economy Fund for the purpose. b) Intensive and collaborative investment in Green R&D including by private sector c) Effective intellectual property rights protection along with a mechanism to provide easy access to the technologies to less developed countries countries. d) Spreading best practices of taxation, funding and financing for the developing and emerging countries in healthcare, agriculture, forestry, environmental protection and rational use of natural resources. e) Integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation in all economic activities f) Making creation of employment a high priority in green growth including in pollution control, resource recovery and recycling, hygiene and public health, education and skill enhancement, and agriculture and food preservation. g) Use of WTO compatible mechanisms to promote international trade in sustainably produced goods and services h) Developing and strengthening natural potential to reduce poverty and migration by i) Increasing the efficiency of economic, social and environmental reforms.
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Bryndin Evgeny Grigorievich, 04.02.2014 09:49 Rating: -1
ECONOMIC ASPECT OF PROBLEMS OF HEALTH, WELLBEING, ECOLOGY, RESOURCES. E.G. Bryndin International Federation UPF The general Assembly of the UN proclaimed carrying out the first decade of the twenty first eyelid to fight for poverty eradication, the solution of environmental problems and completion of resources and health of the population of a planet. Problem of wellbeing, ecology, completion of resources and health of the population of a planet it is more expedient to solve on the basis of uniform health of preserving green economy. Demand for health at the population of 100%. The people want to live here and now. Therefore it is expedient to form health preserving economy. If it is realized at the current stage, equilibrium pricing stabilizes health preserving economy for future generations with purchasing power of the population, including younger generation and pensioners, a consumer basket of goods and services of healthy activity. Healthy activity (healthy lifestyle) keeps health to the person and will create the healthy population. Uniform health the preserving green economy creates conditions for a practical embodiment of creative activity and production of material benefits for a healthy lifestyle of each person. It is promoted by just professional solutions of the authorities and action of participants of economic processes. Authorities have to define legal conditions fair health of preserving economy for disclosure and realization of talents. Legal conditions have to give opportunity to each conscientious participant of economic processes and social programs to get the right to necessary requirements of a healthy lifestyle observance of all its rules. For this purpose it is necessary to make and hold intersectoral and other balances at the level of the equilibrium prices [1-10]. To solve the problems proclaimed the United Nations General Assembly, the institutionalization health of preserving uniform green economy has to realize the budgetary, innovative, investment, self-supporting and self-financed economic processes proportional, interfaced and coordinated on time and territorially, on branches, on natural and human resources, on intellectual and production property, on supply and demand, on quality and quantity, on expenses and profit, on a salary and the price, on ensuring prosperity of each person and a family, on completion of resources, without violation of conditions of restorability of environment. Economic processes of all kinds of activity have to work for health and wellbeing of the person, ecological safety and society development. Transition to uniform health to preserving green economy is carried out on the basis of three financial balances. First, financial balance of the population of urban and rural areas, as balance of the income of the population and cost of products, goods and services of healthy activity [10]. Secondly, financial balance of regions which is formed on the basis of financial balances of the population of urban and rural areas of the region. Thirdly, the financial balance of the country made on the basis of financial balances of regions and financial balance of the population of city and rural territories of the country. Key parameter of financial balance of the population of territories is the starting norm of healthy activity for all conscientious participants of economic processes and social programs. This balance allows to embody Christian ideology in real economy. Criterion of realization of key parameter: the quantity of money in economy of territories has to be always enough for production and consumption of products, goods and services of healthy activity by the population living on it. Realization mechanism: uniform regulation of pricing taking into account a demographic situation and changing demand and offers in the market. Financial balances green health of preserving uniform economy provide all participants of economic activity and social programs with finance for healthy activity [9-10]. КПТ - quantity of production-goods, РСТ - market cost of the goods, КУТП - quantity of participants in a commodity output, КПТП – quantity of manufacturers of a commodity output, C – demand, РП – market profit, О – deductions from profit in funds; ПП – appropriated profit, СЭНЗЖ – social and economic norm of healthy life, ПТ – labor productivity. Then КПТ х (РСТ – СП) = РП; ПП = РП – О; ПП/СЭНЗЖ = КУТП; КПТ/КПТП = ПТ. At 100 % demand for healthy life С ≥ КПТ и ПП provides all its participants with the finance for healthy life. Deductions from market profit, first, arrive in budgetary fund and are spent under the state order in budgetary sphere. Secondly, arrive in social funds of support of children, parents looking after kids and pensioners. Strategic priority directions innovative health saving up uniform economy are, first, maintenance of the population with the goods, services and conditions of a life of healthy ability to live, secondly, completion of resources, thirdly, environment ecology. Maintenance of the population with starting social and economic norm of healthy life is carried out by uniform regulation of pricing from a position of realization of the future demand for healthy ability to live. Let {Хi} – set of the goods in the market, where i = 1 … … … n; Хi – quantity of i-th goods; Ci – cost of resources on manufacture Хi of the goods; Кi – quantity of employees participating in manufacture and realization Хi of the goods; НЗЖ – norm of healthy ability to live; ФЗi – a wages fund of employees participating in manufacture and realization Хi of the goods; where ФЗi ≥ (Кi х НЗЖ) for all i; Рi – profit on realization Хi of the goods in the market, where Рi > ФЗi for all i; Уi - the price of i th goods in the market; К – quantity of the population; Р – cumulative market profit, where Р = Σ Рi; If Уi > (ФЗi + Ci): Кi for all i; that Р : К ≥ НЗЖ; (1) If ФЗi < (Кi х НЗЖ) increases Уi, that Уi > (ФЗi + Ci) : Кi. If financial balances of all levels provide performance of a condition 1, they maintain social and economic stability of society of providing population with starting norm of healthy activity [10]. Financial balances are formed taking into account the main indicator of social and economic stabilization [10]. Providing with norm of healthy activity everyone is the main indicator of social and economic stabilization. The indicator is defined by the relation of a ceiling price of a consumer basket, services and life goods to the minimum income. The minimum constant monthly income bigger or equal to the maximum monthly cost of norm of healthy activity is a condition of social and economic stabilization. The government of the country, the power of regions and the cities together with departments and the enterprises of various branches of economy count balances of the country, regions, the cities and their inhabitants which have to provide financially realization of products, goods and services of healthy activity and their consumption. The state sets the fiscal rule for heads of the enterprises: - to provide with a salary of each conscientious employee of not less monthly cost of products, goods and services of healthy activity. Regulation mechanisms for deduction of a ratio of the price, a salary, costs of production (products of goods of services) turn on and arrived within social and economic stability: 1. Market mechanism of regulation by the enterprises increase of labor productivity and quality of production. 2. Market mechanism of regulation by sectors of economy and branches equilibrium prices. 3. It is market - the state intersectoral mechanism of regulation of a ratio 1 on limit of social and economic stability adjustment of the equilibrium prices. 4. State mechanism of regulation of system violation of a ratio 1 enterprises, sectors of economy and branches establishment of the equilibrium prices. And also fiscal rules of economy work: And also fiscal rules of economy work: A . Lack of speculative operations. B . The prices if quality (products, goods and services) didn't decrease don't change. The prices if quality worsened decrease. C . Taxes are collected for payment of the immaterial optimized work. D . Realization (products of goods of services) in territories is optimized. Drawing up financial balance of the population of urban and rural areas requires definition of financial security of activity of subjects of managing and local governments, coordination of material and material and financial and cost proportions at micro level, definition of sources of formation and volume of financial resources of subjects of managing and local governments, definition of the directions of use of financial resources by subjects of managing and local governments. The financial balance of the population of urban and rural areas represents the set of all income and expenses. It considers professional opportunities of a labor resource, economic and economic opportunities of territories for their development and improvement of quality of life of the population. It helps to pursue effective migratory policy in territories of the country. The characteristic of social and economic capacity of the territory is a basis of development of programs of development health of preserving economy of territorial division. Social and economic capacity of the territory is a cumulative ability of cash labor, material, financial, natural and other resources of providing maximum in these conditions of output of products, goods and services of healthy activity for full satisfaction of individual and collective requirements of the population of the territory and creation of conditions for development uniform health of preserving green economy of this urban or rural area. Possibilities of accumulation of social and economic potential define extensive and intensive factors. Growth of volumes of resources belongs to extensive factors: labor, material, financial, natural. Improvement of quality of all types of resources, increase of efficiency of their use belongs to intensive factors. Important factor is proportionality and balance between different types of resources and potential components. Absence or insufficient quantity of one of its components becomes an obstacle of realization of the others. Component of social and economic capacity of the territory is the labor potential which serves as the characteristic of ability of the population to economic and economic and innovative activity. As carriers of labor potential a manpower acts. Determination of labor potential demands the accounting of number of a manpower and their professional opportunities and working capacity. It allows to determine the cost of a manpower on a labor market, distribution by branches and sectors health of preserving economy. to define balance of a manpower, to reveal the innovative potential of a manpower, to trace a demography of a manpower. Territorial social services make groups on a floor and age, by training and qualifications, on occupations and professions, on branches and economy sectors, on a condition of working capacity and labor productivity. Classification of a manpower by professions allows to distribute workers in concrete forms of labor activity, effectively to use them and to solve a problem of their reproduction of spheres and kinds of activity, forms of ownership with division on city and rural territories, and the most important to keep balance of a manpower. The balance of a manpower is important for security of the territory with a manpower for implementation of programs of the territory for the concrete period. The professional aspect of the population defines its differentiation of economic activity. Employment and redistribution of a labor resource is carried out through a labor market according to supply and demand of employers on their qualification. The financial balance of the population of the territory considers its fixed assets and their reproduction, wear and balance. Fixed assets are the part of territorial wealth created in the course of production of fund the forming branches. Them treat and not material assets, such as the software, original literary works and arts and other intellectual property. Balance of fixed assets are data which characterize volume, structure, their reproduction on branches and economy sectors, on forms of ownership. In financial balance of the population of the territory its revolving funds are reflected. Revolving funds are production stocks (raw materials, materials, fuel, spare parts), tools, landing materials, a stern and animals, a work in progress, finished goods and goods for resale, and also material reserves. The system of indicators of current assets includes structure of current assets, security with revolving funds, movement of current assets and their turnover. The structure of current assets includes natural and material indicators, financing sources, the location, branches and economy sectors. Indicators of movement of current assets characterize their change within a year: replenishment and leaving. One of the main purposes of current assets – ensuring production with them. Turnover of current assets is characterized by number of turns of revolving funds for this period, lasting one turn. The financial balance of the population of territories gives a clear idea of volume and structure of release of products, goods and services of healthy activity, of level and structure of the income and expenses of institutional units, of financial opportunities of the territory, of quality of life of the population. Finance as blood system of economy, play huge role in structure of the market relations and in the mechanism of their regulation. In the territory financial means form financial streams. The financial balance of the population of the territory gives the qualitative and quantitative scheme of financial resources: their stability, liquidity, structure, streams of their redistribution and expenses. It shows, what part of financial resources remains at the disposal of the territory, how many means go on social payments to the population, what components of financial resources of the enterprises for sources of formation and to use directions. Correctly made financial balance of the population of urban and rural areas maintains market balance of supply and demand. Balance is based on the following postulates: • as the main tool of life of society the controlled market serves, and the major kind of activity is production of goods and services; • economic activity is carried out in the conditions of free competition under state control, and regulated prices develop under the influence of supply and demand according to a condition of 1; • the purpose of producers — receiving profit and performance of a condition 1; • the purpose of consumers — receiving products, goods and services of healthy activity; Macroeconomic balance is a result of joint actions of the state and business, factors of production, supply and demand at which a way of use of limited production resources for creation of various products, goods and services and their distribution between citizens of the population are balanced. Balance is stable use of all resources and optimum realization of economic interests of all citizens of the population in all sectors, spheres, structural elements of economy. At the heart of balance the following ratios lie: СП = CC where СП - the cumulative offer, CC – cumulative demand. ОР = D where ОР – the volume of expenses, D – income. OC = OI where OC – the general savings, OI – the general investments. Dynamic balance is reached by regulation of pricing and intersectoral balance the equilibrium prices. The effective mechanism of stabilization of economy is carried out by purchasing power, solvent demand, an equilibration of the prices, optimum increase of pensions and grants, instead of injection of money in the economy, not provided with goods and services. Opportunities of use of standard measures of regulation of a macroeconomic situation of modern market economy are exhausted. Financing of social, economic and ecological parameters of a sustainable development aren't provided. Youth unemployment threatens with loss of economic potential of the whole generation. To translate the world community on world uniform health preserving green economy it is possible by modernization of modern market economy and Bretton-Vudsky payment world system [1-10]. It is necessary for modernization: - to create infrastructure uniform health of preserving green economy on realization of the budgetary, innovative, investment, self-supporting and self-financed economic processes proportional, interfaced and coordinated on time and territorially, on branches, on natural and human resources, on intellectual and production property, on supply and demand, on quality and quantity, on expenses and profit, on a salary and the price, on ensuring prosperity of each person and a family, on completion of resources, without violation of conditions of restorability of environment; - to enter norm of goods, a life and services of healthy activity as starting; - to keep starting norm of goods, a life and services of healthy activity to all conscientious participants of economic processes and social programs uniform expeditious regulation of pricing by the equilibrium prices; - to use as investments and the credits for release of goods and providing a life and services of healthy activity deposits of banks on the basis of individual share; - investment and crediting of projects for individual share in them financial maintenance; - to use only electronic calculations with the automated control of the income with expenses; - to ensure safety of electronic calculations at failures of the equipment and from unfair citizens; - effective use and completion of natural resources; - ecology protection by the economic activity which isn't violating conditions of restorability of environment; - ensuring starting norm of healthy activity for all participants of market economy and social programs by means of balance of the income and expenses of the population of all managing territories; - to balance use and completion of a professional, cultural and healthy human resource by transition to a spiritual healthy lifestyle, and health preserving economy; - global economic stabilization by pricing regulation on the basis of the equilibrium prices; - providing ecology of environment; - creation bio - the technological industry; - ensuring reproduction a gene of containing resources; - global social stabilization by unemployment elimination by labor market use in restoration and preservation of ecology of managing territories; - to sign the international economic memorandum of use of resources for the good of peace activity and to exercise control. Everything that the person creates, becomes as a result either household, or the industrial waste, polluting environment and breaking its ecology. Purely not where clean and where don't litter. It is necessary to change economic activity in a root, to provide reproduction a gene of containing resources, to develop ecological biotechnologies, to create bio - the technological industry and harmonious (equal) acritical (uniform) health preserving green economy. The literature: 1. Veduta N.I. Social effective economy / Under the editorship of Veduta E. N — M: REA, 1999. — 254 p. 2. Bryndin E.G. Optimum structure of economy // Journal «Economy and entrepreneurship». – 2010. -№ 4. - P. 19-26. 3. Bryndin E.G. Innovative health saving market economy. «Civilization horizons». Edition M.V. Zagidullina's / Chelyabinsk: JSC Entsiklopediya. 2010. Page 54-66. 4. Bryndin E.G. Organization and management of innovative economy // Journal «Economy and entrepreneurship». – 2010. - № 6. - P. 18-23. 5. Bryndin E.G. Regulation of innovative economy // Journal «Reputiology». – 2011. - № 4. – P. 35-41. 6. Bryndin E.G. Collective competence of innovative activity // Journal «International scientific researches». – 2011. - №. 4. – P. 63-65. 7. E.G.Bryndin. Global economic stabilization. Journal «International scientific researches», Vol. 4, Nom. 1-2 (January-June 2012) P. 73-76. 8. Bryndin E.G. International economic solidarity // Journal «Reputiology». - 2012. - №. 1. P. 24-22. 9. E.G.Bryndin. PRICING REGULATION ON THE BASIS OF FINANCIAL BALANCES HEALTH OF SAVING-UP ECONOMY. Journal «International scientific researches», Vol. 4, Nom. 3. 2012. P. 47-50. 10. Evgeny Bryndin. Global uniform innovative economy. Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. 2012. 119 c.
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Zhambaibekov Daulet Kalenovich, 04.02.2014 11:38 Rating: 1
Also, we need to think about so-called "second budget" system to finance the development institutions, in general of business support. What do I mean? For example, in Japan, the so-called "political banks" ( such as Japanese Industrial Bank, Japan Development Bank, etc. ) financed by deposits of the people who are investing (deposits) to the local equivalent of the Savings Bank - Japan Post (conducting all banking operations in the countryside, has branch offices in every Japanese villages). The Japanese Ministry of Finance accumulates in a special account and provides a 0.01% (for example) for the Japanese development institutions the deposits of population at Japan Post, “political banks". Accordingly, the Japan Ministry of Finance along with forming of the annual state budget also accepted the financing plan of the Japanese development institutions (from accumulated deposits of the population), this I mean by the term of the "second budget". The state budget are not involved in the in the financing of development institutions. Here we can think about possibility of creation of the “second budget” to avoid the financing of our development institutions from the state budget, based on the Japanese experience. Under the “Business Road Map 2020” Program (realized by Damu Fund), usually our development institutions financed frequently financed directly from the state budget, and my opinion of this situation it is not rational to do this. Of course it is unlikely that in the purpose of financing of development institutions (and in general support of the industrialization) we can use people savings (deposits) through Kazpost (as in Japan). But, instead of it, the part of National Fund can be used as the basis of the “second budget” (alternative, purely for the purpose of financing development institutions, industrialization). Anyway, my point of view, that it is not rational to finance the development institutions directly from the Republican budget, it’s necessary to find out other option of financing.
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Shuneyev Chingiz Joldybayevich, 04.14.2014 18:34 Rating: 0
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Radojicic Biljana biljanar@vet.bg.ac.rs, 04.17.2014 20:29 Rating: 1
Until a few years science and the economy were the two worlds, with only rare enthusiasts have argued that their need for closer cooperation. The situation has changed, and both academic and business communities have realized that they can not without each other. That the transfer of knowledge in entrepreneurship imperative to overcome the crisis, and announced the first regional meeting organized AcademLinka- "Capitalization of knowledge - profit through research", which was held last Friday in Belgrade (www.ekapija.com/website/sr/page/889685/Knowledge-transfer-into-entrepreneurship-Growing-number-of-scientists-wants-to-apply-their-researches-to-economy), where I was an active participant. This helped us a lot of ideas that Astana Economic Forum, has for many years promoted through just EESCA cooperation of scientists of various activities and economic aspects of the same. The importance of the scientific community evidenced by the statistics presented in the opening speech - that the territory of the region for more than 400 faculty, 100 institutes, 900 scientific journals and 45,000 individual researchers. But what does all this mean in the context of international recognition of our universities, obtained FP7 projects and future scientific tendencies and connection between other countries, Kazakhstan as example. Which in scientists in order to carry out joint projects in the agreed priority areas, among which are biology, agriculture, seismology, veterinary medicine, computing and energy. All the scientific disciplines can not do without financial support (especially printing papers in prestigious international journals with impact factor? The competition is open to all research institutes and institutions of higher education, a priority in the selection of projects will have to actively involved young researchers and those whose heads have not had an approved project under the joint Serbia and other countries in regions Western Balkan Countries (WBC) and beyond. My recommendation is that you start closer cooperation between Kazakhstan, Serbia and some countries of the EU in the promotion of project ONE PUBLIC HEALTH (veterinary medicine, humane medicine and agriculture e.g.). That is very important between biomedicine and biotechnology investigations.
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