Virtual project

Eradication of poverty and hunger

Description:
The fightagainst poverty and hunger is an ethical, social, political and economic imperative of humankind. The World Anti-Crisis Conference in Astana is designed to provide a catalytic effect on efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger within the exchange of information on best strategies, experience, resource mobilization, economic empowerment and the promotion of conditions conducive to job creation.

Key Questions:

  • Co-ordinationof efforts in ensuring food security;
  • Increasedcontrol over the market of genetically modified foods;
  • Reductionof income inequality on a global scale;
  • Preventionof tension in the food markets by limiting speculation in food prices;
  • Strengtheningthe cooperation in the regional fight against hunger and poverty;
  • Further development ofinstitutions providing humanitarian assistance;
  • Strengthening tangible and intangible aid to underdeveloped countries.

Online Sessions of the VII Astana Economic Forum, as well as recommendations of leading experts contains unique and actual materials of distinguished experts aimed for the effective development of the World Anti-Crisis Plan project, urged to promote economic and social progress of the world and national economies.

Events of the VII Astana Economic Forum on given direction

Please participate in discussion:

Nowadays the problem of climate changing in general and particularly of global warming, has become one of the most important areas of scientific and technological activities. The leading institutions in many developed and developing countries are dealing with this issue, almost all international organizations have programs of cooperation addressed to global warming.

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Price volatility is having a serious impact on food security as it affects the income of households and the solvency of population. Simply put, it can transfer vulnerable to the category of poor and undernourished. Price volatility combined with the price levels can also have an impact on the welfare of farms and food security. The higher the prices, the stronger the volatility consequences to welfare of consumers at that in this case, however, manufacturers benefit. This interrelation means that the orientation of the steep increase of prices does not solve the general problem of human welfare.

Over the past four years, the food prices volatility has hit millions of people, quality of their nutrition and undermined food security. The level of price volatility in commodity markets also undermined the plans of developing countries in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction. After that during the decades food prices were at historically low levels, in the last five years they have increased significantly and have become more volatile. Essentially price volatility is the essence of existence by itself of the market, however, the degree of price volatility and the number of countries affected by this remains very high.

That is why the volatility of food prices in the context of its growth has caused considerable anxiety and created a real problems for many countries.

Measures should be taken in response to the uprise of this unprecedented trend in food prices to protect the vulnerable from the negative effects of growth and volatility of food prices.

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Formation of the National Standard of quality of life due to the strategic goal of Kazakhstan joining the 50 most competitive countries of the world, which primarily requires solving the task of improving the quality of life of citizens.

Kazakhstan continues to implement policies based on a system of state guarantees of the values of human life and human rights.

The main socio-economic conditions are ensured by the establishment of minimum social standards, which will lay equal starting opportunities for self-realization. This is guaranteed by the government and the law, especially in the current conditions of overcoming with the adverse effects of instability in global financial and commodity markets.

The national standard of quality of life is a kind of level to meet the needs that the state should not be omitted. Social standards allow, respectively, to build the policy, as well as to lay the conditions that must be performed in the budget.

Thus, to create a national standard of quality of life is to establish a minimum level of state guarantees for the implementation of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan of socio- economic rights, and at the same time to define a guideline for the implementation of socio -economic policy aimed at improving the competitiveness of Kazakhstan in all spheres of life.

In view of the conducted analysis, can be defined the following basic directions of the national standard of quality of life, such as high level of income per capita, which must not be lower than the European average, high-quality and affordable health care, advanced and affordable education is in demand in the country and in the world, achieving a balance in the development of cities and villages, widespread support for socially vulnerable people , clean environment, and others.

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International events held in the framework of the II WAC on given direction

Место проведения:

İstanbul - Türkiye,

6-8 November 2013

07.11.2013

Recommendations of leading experts (36)

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Adaptation to climate change is an ambiguous topic (Orlove, 2009). Central to debate is how “additional” or different, climate change adaptation is relative to pre-existing efforts to manage climate variability (Fankhauser 2010). This question is particularly pertinent within agriculture, as there is an unusually high degree of experience in adapting to natural climate variability and other uncertainties (Crane et al 2011). Research suggests that part of the reason there is ambiguity about climate change adaptation and, in particular, about how novel or serious a challenge it represents, is because there are numerous subsidiary issues involved, which different people frame in…
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There are also a number of factors that could act to mitigate increased price pressure and increased volatility. Most important will be the supply response? Analysts have consistently underestimated the capacity of producers to respond to positive market signals, as well as the potential for higher yields and increased acreage. Successful conclusion to the WTO Doha Development Agenda negotiations would be an important step, along with complementary policies that improve supply capacity and ensure the benefits of open and competitive markets are widely spread. Deeper integration of global and regional markets, better defined safeguard mechanisms and improvements in the competitive…
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With roughly 1 billion people unable to meet their minimum daily caloric intake, the issue of food security is imperative to overcoming rural poverty. The way in which we produce food plays an extremely important role in solving the hunger epidemic and reaching the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of eradicating extreme hunger and poverty. The dominant model of agricultural development practised by many countries today is based on chemical-intensive agro-industrial complexes growing monocultures for export. This model of corporate-controlled agro-industry has failed to produce positive results economically, environmentally or socially. As one of the main contributors of greenhouse gas…
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Agriculture requires inputs, which can be found within the system or need to be supplied from outside. The latter, referred to as the ‘Green Revolution’ in the 1950s and developed as the high external input agriculture, has spread over the world as a solution to the food crisis that arose due to World War II. The drive embraced a special package including high- yielding crop varieties, inorganic fertilizer, agro-chemicals and farm machineries. As a result, farmers in many developing countries began to practice mono-cropping with high external inputs. This has turned traditional ecological agriculture into environmentally destructive food production systems,…
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This paper reviews the prospects for long-term food security in Asia, where a significant number of malnourished individuals still live after decades of mixed progress. Evidence shows that poverty reduction on its own will not do the job of eradicating hunger, nor will only increased food production. The region’s contribution to high and volatile international food prices is well known, but Asia’s potential contributions toward future decreased price uncertainty are much less cited. The changing composition of future food demand in the region will depend on the extent to which poverty reduction effectively leads to middle class expansion, which remains…
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UN millennium development goal i.e the reduction of half the proportion of people suffering from hunger by 2015 can’t be achieved without introducing HIV/AIDS eradication for food security to increase in Sub-Saharan Africa where deaths from HIV/AIDS reaches 68% of the whole world. This article looks for growth occurrences in Africa where development crisis means both food shortages and HIV/AIDS prevalence, it investigates the impact of HIV/AIDS in the difficulties faced by SSA countries to respond to food crisis and shows off the existence of a health-care/food need stable equilibrium able to improve sustainability and economic development.
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With mounting evidence that gender-equality is necessary for sustainable food security, closing the gender gap is more important than ever. As they write the post-2015 development framework, international policymakers receive a steady stream of data showing that empowering women with resources and skills to contribute to agriculture production will not only help to eliminate world hunger, but will also enable women and children to be more healthy and productive members of society.
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We stand at a crossroads: it lies within our reach to eliminate hunger and poverty, using methods that do not compromise the future of life on this planet. That is the essence of sustainability. It will require not just universal acceptance of the right of every person to be free from hunger, but also profound changes in the way we produce and consume food and manage the earth's resources.
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Reducing poverty and ending hunger seem to be becoming more difficult goals to achieve. Although the world is a lot richer today than it was a decade ago, the numbers of poor and hungry people are declining more slowly. Are new approaches needed to reduce poverty and hunger? The first Millennium Development Goal focuses attention on cutting the proportions of poor and hungry people in half by 2015, but what will become of the people not addressed by that goal-the other half left behind? The three essays that follow explore the challenges the world faces in reducing poverty and hunger…
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Agricultural biodiversity plays a central role in household food security and income generation, and thus in achieving Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 of halvingthe proportion of hungry and extremely poor people by 2015. However, its wider use to address nutritional deficiencies and other aspects of poverty, all of paramount importance, is yet to be fully realized.
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Over the past 30 years, Canadians have increasingly been led to believe that community compassion expressed through charitable food handouts is the most effective way of feeding our hungry poor and homeless. Since the establishment of the first food banks in the early 1980s, domestic hunger has become increasingly socially constructed as a matter for philanthropy, not as a political and human rights issue necessitating the priority attention of governments.
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Reduction of poverty and hunger are key priorities and targets top of global agenda with year 2015 being the benchmark to reverse the trend by 50%. However, a decade after the 1996 World Food Summit, where this target was set, there are more hungry people in the world than there were then. The number is increasing at the rate of four million a year, with Africa having the largest proportion of people living in absolute poverty. Agriculture remains predominantly traditional and majority of her countries exhibit a high dependency on food aid, which accounts for a quarter of all global…
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Understandable concern exists over the state of hunger in Africa: almost one third of the population are estimated to be hungry, while more than a quarter of infants are underweight in the countries to the south of the Sahara. Moreover, parts of Africa are all too often hit by sharp increases in hunger when harvests fail or strife breaks out. Can Africa feed itself? And what needs to be done? This report reviews the evidence and opinions drawing on available statistics, the considerable literature and interviews by telephone and email with key informants. The review looks at the record on…
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Hunger in a world of food abundance is principally a result of negligence as it lies within mankind’s capacity to put in place the policies, institutions, technologies and logistics both to prevent and eradicate hunger. We look to the International Conference on Financing for Development to reverse declining resource trends towards the important objectives of hunger and poverty reduction and agriculture and rural development, and to address related issues which are preventing meaningful progress towards reaching those objectives
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Poverty has stalked the world throughout the ages, bearing out the Bible's ominous pronouncement that “there will always be poor people in the land”. And, for sure, where there is poverty, hunger can't be far behind. Up to recently, nothing much had happened to loosen the grip of poverty and hunger on a large proportion of the world's population. A change, though, began in the middle of the past century, when UN agencies and civil society organisations started, for the first time, to set global development goals. Progress, however, was slow or absent in many parts of the developing world…
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Some850 million people(one in eight of the world's population) go to bed hungry every night. Many of them are children, for whom early hunger leaves a lifelong legacy of cognitive and physical impairment. The human and economic waste is horrifying.Such hunger is not due to a shortage of food – globally there is enough to go round and if (a big if) we make the right decisions now, we can continue to feed the world despite population growth and climate change. By some estimates, stopping the waste of food after harvest due to poor storage or transport infrastructure, and then…
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Key messages • All agree that eradicating absolute poverty should remain at the forefront of a new goal on poverty, but opinions differ as to what constitutes extreme poverty and how we should measure it. • Proposals to broaden the definition of poverty include incorporating relative poverty, a poverty line high enough to reflect poverty in rich countries too, and a measure of multidimensional deprivation. • Disagreement exists over whether ‘international dollars’ are the best way to measure poverty, with a proposal for efforts toward internationally consistent national poverty measurement.
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This dossier contains the discussion paper and the statement that form the output of the Forum. The short statement was formally presented to the UNESCAP Committee on Poverty Reduction during the first session of its meeting on October 8, 2003 while the longer paper was distributed to the Committee member on the same day. The rest of the dossier is a compilation of relevant analyses and experience contributed by some of the participants as well as others in the regional civil society. Focus on the Global South and the participants of the Asia-Pacific Civil Society Forum truly appreciate the effort…
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This dossier contains the discussion paper and the statement that form the output of the Forum. The short statement was formally presented to the UNESCAP Committee on Poverty Reduction during the first session of its meeting on October 8, 2003 while the longer paper was distributed to the Committee member on the same day. The rest of the dossier is a compilation of relevant analyses and experience contributed by some of the participants as well as others in the regional civil society. Focus on the Global South and the participants of the Asia-Pacific Civil Society Forum truly appreciate the effort…
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In recent years, extreme poverty has been falling rapidly, even in low-income countries, despite their growing populations . Across developing countries globally, the proportion of people living on less than US$ 1 .25 a day fell from 42 percent of the population in 1990 to 25 percent in 2005 . This is attributable to the rapid economic growth in most developing countries and the significant progress in poverty reduction on the part of highly populated countries such as China, India, and Indonesia. If this trend continues, developing countries are likely to reach the target of 21 percent of the population…
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The paper emphasizes that mobilizing and carefully deploying resources where the impact can be greatest, is fundamental to the effort to reduce poverty, hunger and food insecurity. In that context it illustrates that resources deployed in fighting hunger directly and in agricultural and rural development can make substantial and sustainable contributions to overall poverty alleviation.
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The most recent food security data present a rather bleak picture for a large number of developing countries. Between 1995/97 and 2000/02, the number of undernourished people in the developing countries increased by 18 million (SOFI, 2005), a disturbing development, given the global community’s commitment to food security concerns, its capacity to produce more than enough food for every human being, and its power to use modern information systems to pinpoint exactly where food is needed and to mobilize rapid transport systems to move food quickly around the globe. The food security problem remains a persistent, formidable and elusive development…
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Brazil suffers from the persistence of two historically related problems: a high percentage of the population lives in poverty—approximately 23 percent in 2007, or around 42 million people—and the level of social inequality is high; the level of income concentration as measured by the Gini index was 0.553 in 2007. Experience has shown that because past economic growth in Brazil did not redistribute income, it was insufficient to create solid domestic markets and to promote the basis for sustainable development. Inequality and poverty are the causes, not the consequences, of the underdevelopment.
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Sweden has a remarkably egalitarian distribution of income and low rate of poverty. The living standards of the poor are closer to those of median citizens than in other advanced countries. Until the 1992-93 rise in joblessness, Sweden combined a narrow distribution of earnings and skill differentials with high employment. Wage differentials rose in Sweden when centralized bargaining weakened in the 1980s, and joblessness jumped in 1992, but the country maintained a low rate of poverty and avoided the growth of an underclass and the homelessness that developed in the United States and the United Kingdom. Indeed, so successful has…
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At the core of many, perhaps most, emancipatory visions of the good society is a belief in the desirability of low levels of inequality in the material conditions of life. This is an integral part of classical Marxist ideas of socialism and communism, the models of 19th century utopian socialists, the visions of leftwing anarchists, the pragmatic programs of the more radical forms of social democracy, the experiments of the Kibbutzim, but also, at least implicitly, of contemporary models of deliberative and associative democracy, and more radical currents of feminism and environmentalism. These different traditions differ sharply in their concrete…
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Guidelines on how to apply poverty proofing stated that particular attention should be paid to inequalities which lead to poverty. These could arise, for instance, in the context of age, gender, disability, belonging to a minority ethnic group (including membership of the Traveller community) or sexual orientation.
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People working to tackle poverty in the UK are increasingly interested in using human rights in their work. This study looks at how this has been done in other countries, its impact on affected communities, debate, policy and government programmes, and its relevance for the UK.
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Many people believe that there is an important distinction between the issues of poverty and equality. They think that the alleviation of poverty is a more limited, attainable, justifiable and urgent aim than the promotion of equality. The two aims are not necessarily considered incompatible, but equality is seen as a secondary, remote and utopian project which can distract us from the serious business of eliminating poverty.
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In 2000 the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) helped focus international attention on the plight of the world’s poor. Yet with 2015 fast approaching many of the world’s poorest and hungriest people are still falling behind. Indeed, even if we halve extreme poverty and hunger by 2015, at least 800 million people will remain poor and 600 million will still nothave enough to eat.
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We can probably agree that society faces many challenges. We may differ on how best to ensure these challenges do not become catastrophes. 20 percent of the world’s population live in absolute poverty and over 800 million people are malnourished. They need jobs not rhetoric: income not charity. Current food prices are at an all time low. A tribute to the productivity of research and skill of the farmers of the world and the systems and technologies they use.
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According to recent government survey data, 12.5 percent of people in the United States are poor. That means that one in eight people you pass on the street today represents someone who is poor — and this statistic reflects data collected before the recession. Recent government data also finds that 12.1 percent of people in the United States are food insecure, sometimes called “at risk of hunger.” It is no coincidence that food insecurity rates align so closely with poverty rates; poverty and food insecurity usually travel together.
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Why has eradicating hunger and poverty proved difficult despite its being a declared goal of the international development community for more than half a century? Why has the number of hungry people increased in recent years? Why is poverty particularly persistent in Sub-Saharan Africa? Why do economically successful developing countries in Asia and Latin America have regions lagging in eradicating poverty? Over time, the answers to these questions— the basis of development strategies—have changed. With the emergence of a more comprehensive understanding of the challenge of development, various constraints have been identified: adverse ecological conditions, inadequate technology, lack of capital…
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The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were adopted in 2000 at a United Nations Assembly summit as a set of time-bound, measurable goals and targets to be achieved by 2015. Although there is no MDG on energy, it has been identified as a critical input for the achievement of all MDGs. While many assumptions have been made about the linkages between energy and the MDGs, few empirical studies are available that provide convincing evidence for advocacy and policymaking. The present study is aimed at presenting empirical evidence – preferably quantitative data – on linkages among gender, energy and MDG 1: eradication…
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It is generally believed that economic growth and globalization are the best ways to remedy the problems of the poor. But despite capitalism's and globalization's promises of greater equality, ecnomic disparity has increased over the last thirty years, especially in the Southern hemisphere.
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The paper presents a new composite indicator - the pverty and hunger index (PHI) - to measure countries' performance towards achieveing millenium development goal #1 on halving poverty and poverty by 2015.
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The general Assembly of the UN proclaimed carrying out the first decade of the twenty first eyelid to fight for poverty eradication the solution of environmental problems and completion of resources and health of the population of a planet. Problem of wellbeing, ecology, completion of resources and health of the population of a planet it is more expedient to solve on the basis of uniform health of preserving green economy.
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